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什么是第三方物流?

发表时间 2014-07-06 点击数 350
7
什么是第三方物流?

上海运货物流这一概念,随着人们对商品生产、流通和消费的需要,越来越引起人们的注意。目前,物流一词在我国也开始使用,如物流公司、物流中心等不断出现。物流对企业在市场上能否取胜的决定作用变得越来越明显。从本质上说企业在市场上的表现主要是由产品的质量、价格以及产品的供给三个在素决定,其中任何一个因素对企业的竞争能力都起着重要的影响作用,而这三个因素都分别直接受到物流的影响。世界经济将在纵向上对工业、供应商、服客、贸易和物流公司进行重新分工,介入生产以及销售环节的物流公司的出现将是物流业发展的必然趋势。随着现代企业生产经营方式的变革和市场外部条件的变化,“第三方物流”(thirdpartylogistics)这种物流形态开始引起人们的重视,并对此表现出极大的兴趣。在西方发达国家,先进企业的物流模式已开始向第三方物流甚至第四方物流方向转变。

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(1)DISANFANGWULIUCHANSHENGSHISHEHUIFENGONGDEJIEGUO,ZAI(Out-souring)DENGXINXINGGUANLILINIANDEYINGXIANGXIA,GEQIYEWEIZENGQIANGSHICHANGJINGZHENGLI,ERJIANGQIYEDEZIJIN、RENLI、WULITOURUDAOQIHEXINYEWUSHANGQU,XUNQIUSHEHUIHUAFENGONGXIEZUODAILAIDEXIAOLVHEXIAOYIDEZUIDAHUA。ZHUANYEHUAFENGONGDEJIEGUODAOZHIXUDUOFEIHEXINYEWUCONGQIYESHENGCHANJINGYINGHUODONGZHONGFENLICHULAI,QIZHONGBAOKUOWULIUYE。JIANGWULIUYEWUWEITUOJIDISANFANGZHUANYEWULIUGONGSIFUZE,KEJIANGDIWULIUCHENGBEN,WANSHANWULIUHUODONGDEFUWUGONGNENG。

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(3)GAISHANWULIUYUQIANGHUAJINGZHENGLIXIANGJIEHEYISHIDEMENGYAWULIUYANJIUYUWULIUSHIJIANJINGLILECHENGBENDAOXIANG、LIRUNDAOXIANG、JINGZHENGLIDAOXIANGDENGJIGEJIEDUAN。JIANGWULIUGAISHANYUJINGZHENGLITIGAODEMUBIAOXIANGJIEHESHIWULIULILUNYUJISHUCHENGSHUDEBIAOZHI。ZHEISHIDISANFANGWULIUGAINIANCHUXIANDELUOJIJICHU。

(4)WULIULINGYUDEJINGZHENGJIHUADAOZHIZONGHEWULIUYEWUDEFAZHANSUIZHEJINGJIZIYOUHUAHEMAOYIQUANQIUHUADEFAZHAN,WULIULINGYUDEZHENGCEBUDUANFANGKUAN,TONGSHIYEDAOZHIWULIUQIYEZISHENJINGZHENGDEJIHUA,WULIUQIYEBUDUANDITUOZHANFUWUNEIHANHEWAIYAN,CONGERDAOZHIDISANFANGWULIUDECHUXIAN。ZHEISHIDISANFANGWULIUGAINIANCHUXIANDELISHIJICHU。

ZAIGUOQUJISHINIANZHONG,WULIUDUIQIYEZAISHICHANGSHANGNENGFOUQUSHENGDEJUEDINGZUOYONGBIANDEYUELAIYUEMINGXIAN。CONGBENZHISHANGSHUO,QIYEZAISHICHANGSHANGDEBIAOXIANZHUYAOSHIYOUCHANPINDEZHILIANG、JIAGEYIJICHANPINDEGONGJISANGEYINSUJUEDING,QIZHONGRENHEYIGEYINSUDUIQIYEDEJINGZHENGNENGLIDOUQIZHEZHONGYAODEYINGXIANGZUOYONG,ERZHEISANGEYINSUDOUFENBIEZHIJIESHOUDAOWULIUDEYINGXIANG。SHIJIEJINGJIJIANGZAIZONGXIANGSHANGDUIGONGYE、GONGYINGSHANG、GUKE、MAOYIHEWULIUGONGSIJINXINGZHONGXINFENGONG,JIERUSHENGCHANYIJIXIAOSHOUHUANJIEDEWULIUGONGSIDECHUXIANJIANGSHIWULIUYEFAZHANDEBIRANQUSHI。DISANFANGWULIUJIGONGYINGLIANGECANYUZHEDAILAILEHENDUOHAOCHUHEFANGBIAN,YINERSHOUDAOLEJIDADEHUANYING,SHICHANGQIANLIJUDA,BIJIANGCHENGWEIXIAYISHIJIWULIUYEDEZHULIU。

2.DISANFANGWULIUJIQISHICHANGXIANZHUANG:DISANFANGWULIUSHIZAIWULIUQUDAOZHONGYOUZHONGJIANSHANGTIGONGDEFUWU,ZHONGJIANSHANGYIHETONGDEXINGSHIZAIYIDINGQIXIANNEI,TIGONGQIYESUOXUDEQUANBUHUOBUFENWULIUFUWU。DISANFANGWULIUTIGONGZHESHIYIGEWEIWAIBUKEHUGUANLI、KONGZHIHETIGONGWULIUFUWUZUOYEDEGONGSI,TAMENBINGBUZAICHANPINGONGYINGLIANZHONGZHANYOUYIXIZHIDI,JINSHIDISANFANG,DANTONGGUOTIGONGYIZHENGTAOWULIUHUODONGLAIFUWUYUCHANPINGONGYINGLIAN。

XIANDAIYIYISHANGDEDISANFANGWULIUSHIYIGEYUEYOU10DAO15NIANLISHIDEXINGYE。ZAIMEIGUO,DISANFANGWULIUYEBEIRENWEISHANGCHUYUCHANPINSHENGMINGZHOUQIDEFAZHANQI;ZAIOUZHOU,YOUQIZAIYINGGUO,PUBIANRENWEIDISANFANGWULIUSHICHANGYOUYIDINGDECHENGSHUCHENGDU。OUZHOUMUQIANSHIYONGDISANFANGWULIUFUWUDEBILIYUEWEI76%,MEIGUOYUEWEI58%,QIEQIXUQIURENGZAIZENGZHANG。YANJIUBIAOMING,OUZHOU24%HEMEIGUO33%DEFEIDISANFANGWULIUFUWUYONGHUZHENGJIJIKAOLVSHIYONGDISANFANGWULIUFUWU;OUZHOU62%HEMEIGUO72%DEDISANFANGWULIUFUWUYONGHURENWEITAMENYOUKENENGZAI3NIANNEIZENGJIADUIDISANFANGWULIUFUWUDEYUNYONG。YIXIEXINGYEGUANCHAJIAYIDUISHICHANGDEGUIMOZUOCHUGUJI,ZHENGGEMEIGUODISANFANGWULIUYEYOUXIANGDANGYU4200YIMEIYUANDESHICHANGGUIMO,OUZHOUZUIJINDEQIANZAIWULIUSHICHANGDEGUIMOGUJIYUEWEI9500YIMEIYUAN。

YOUCIKEJIAN,QUANSHIJIEDEDISANFANGWULIUSHICHANGJUYOUQIANLIDA、JIANJINXINGHEGAOZENGZHANGLVDETEZHENG。ZHEIZHONGZHUANGKUANGSHIDISANFANGWULIUYEYONGYOUDALIANGFUWUTIGONGZHE,DADUOSHUDISANFANGWULIUFUWUGONGSISHICONGCHUANTONGDE“NEIWULIU”YEWEIQIDIANERFAZHANQILAIDE,RUCANGCHUYE、YUNSHUYE、KONGYUN、HAIYUN、HUOYUNDAILIHEQIYENEIDEWULIUBUDENG,TAMENGENJUGUKEDEBUTONGXUYAO,TONGGUOTIGONGGEJUTESEDEFUWUQUDECHENGGONG。MEIGUOMUQIANYOUJIBAIJIADISANFANGWULIUGONGYINGSHANG,QIZHONGDADUOSHUGONGSIKAISHISHIBINGBUSHIDISANFANGWULIUFUWUGONGSI.ERSHIZHUJIANFAZHANJINRUGAIXINGYEDE。DISANFANGWULIUDEFUWUNEIRONGXIANZAIDADOUJIZHONGYUCHUANTONGYIYISHANGDEYUNSHU、CANGCHUFANCHOUZHINEI,YUNSHU、CANGCHUQIYEDUIZHEIXIEFUWUNEIRONGYOUZHEBIJIAOSHENKEDELIJIE,DUIMEIGEDANXIANGDEFUWUNEIRONGDOUYOUYIDINGDEJINGYAN,GUANJIANSHIRUHEJIANGZHEIXIEDANXIANGDEFUWUNEIRONGYOUJIDIZUHEQILAI,TIGONGWULIUYUNSHUDEZHENGTIFANGAN。

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